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Lessons to Learn from Orangetee Real Estate's Personal Data Breach and PDPA Penalty

Orangetee Real Estate, one of Singapore's largest property agencies, was recently fined SGD 10,000 for a personal data breach that affected both customers and employees. The incident highlights the importance of compliance with the Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) and the consequences of non-compliance. In this blog post, we will explore the details of the Orangetee Real Estate data breach, the penalty imposed by the Personal Data Protection Commission (PDPC), and the lessons that we can learn from this incident to improve our own PDPA compliance practices.

What Happened?

Orangetee Real Estate's personal data breach occurred in August 2020 when a company laptop containing personal data of customers and employees was stolen. The laptop was not encrypted, and the data included names, identification numbers, contact details, and employment information. The breach affected over 2,000 individuals.

Orangetee Real Estate reported the breach to the PDPC in accordance with the PDPA's mandatory breach notification requirements. The PDPC investigated the incident and found that Orangetee Real Estate had failed to implement adequate security measures to protect personal data, such as encryption and access controls. As a result, the PDPC imposed a penalty of SGD 10,000 on Orangetee Real Estate for non-compliance with the PDPA.

Potential Penalties?

The Orangetee Real Estate data breach is not the first case of a PDPA breach in Singapore. The PDPA imposes significant obligations on organizations that handle personal data, including requirements for consent, notice, and data protection. Failure to comply with these obligations can result in penalties and damage to an organization's reputation.

Under the PDPA, organizations can be fined up to SGD 1 million for serious breaches of the Act, such as failure to obtain consent for the collection, use, or disclosure of personal data, or failure to implement adequate security measures to protect personal data. The PDPC also has the power to issue directions to organizations to cease or rectify non-compliant practices.

What Can We Learn from This?

The Orangetee Real Estate personal data breach and subsequent penalty provide several valuable lessons for organizations to improve their own PDPA compliance practices:

  • Implement adequate security measures: Organizations should implement adequate security measures, such as encryption and access controls, to protect personal data. Failure to do so can result in significant penalties and damage to an organization's reputation.

  • Conduct regular risk assessments: Organizations should regularly assess their data protection risks and implement measures to address identified risks. This includes reviewing security measures, data retention policies, and employee training.

  • Notify the PDPC of breaches: Organizations must report personal data breaches to the PDPC in a timely manner. Failure to do so can result in penalties and damage to an organization's reputation.

  • Train employees: Employees should be trained on their obligations under the PDPA and how to handle personal data securely. This includes implementing secure password policies, ensuring that devices are encrypted, and reporting suspicious activity.

The Orangetee Real Estate personal data breach and penalty serve as a reminder of the importance of PDPA compliance for organizations in Singapore. Failure to comply with the PDPA can result in significant penalties and damage to an organization's reputation. Organizations should implement adequate security measures, conduct regular risk assessments, notify the PDPC of breaches, and train their employees on PDPA compliance. By doing so, organizations can ensure that they protect personal data and comply with the PDPA, avoiding penalties and reputational damage.


The Orangetee Real Estate case also highlights the need for organizations to take data protection seriously. Personal data breaches can have significant consequences for individuals, including identity theft and financial fraud. Organizations that handle personal data have a responsibility to protect that data and ensure that it is not misused or mishandled.

Furthermore, the Orangetee Real Estate case serves as a warning to organizations that may be tempted to cut corners when it comes to data protection. The PDPC takes data protection seriously and will not hesitate to impose penalties on organizations that fail to comply with the PDPA.

  1. Channel News Asia. (2021, April 20). Orangetee Real Estate fined S$10,000 for personal data breach affecting customers, employees. Retrieved from

  2. Personal Data Protection Commission. (n.d.). Enforcement decisions. Retrieved from

  3. Personal Data Protection Commission. (n.d.). Guide to data protection in Singapore. Retrieved from

  4. Personal Data Protection Commission. (n.d.). PDPA overview. Retrieved from


Disclaimer: The information provided on all our blog post is intended for general informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. The author and publisher are not liable for any damages or losses resulting from reliance on this information. It is recommended to consult with a legal professional for specific advice regarding PDPA compliance and other related data privacy obligations.

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